HANOI, Vietnam — President Donald Trump opened two days of summits Wednesday by offering a public embrace of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, referring to the brutal authoritarian ruler as “my friend” and holding up Vietnam as a model for economic growth if he pursues steps to denuclearize.Ahead of meetings with Vietnamese officials, Trump on Twitter praised this Southeast Asian nation as “thriving like few places on earth” and said the North has a chance to do the same “very quickly.”“The potential is AWESOME, a great opportunity, like almost none other in history, for my friend Kim Jong Un,” Trump wrote. “We will know fairly soon — Very Interesting!”Trump’s overture to Kim came hours before they were scheduled to meet for the first of two days of meetings, including a social dinner Wednesday evening at the luxurious, five-star Metropole hotel in Vietnam’s capital city. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and acting White House chief of staff Mick Mulvaney are scheduled to attend the dinner with Trump and Kim, along with two senior North Korean aides, Kim Yong Chol and Ri Yong Ho.“Nothing like having a nice private dinner,” Trump joked as a limited pool of reporters took photos during the dinner, according to CNN.Seated at a round table with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and acting chief of staff Mick Mulvaney, Trump asked photographers to make him and Kim “look good” in their photos.“We’re going to have a very busy day tomorrow,” Trump told CNN, adding later: “Our relationship is a very special relationship.”White House aides have said the president is determined to sell Kim on a vision of modernization and present him with a choice between continued global isolation or burgeoning economic growth if he gives up the North’s nuclear weapons program.In brief remarks with Vietnamese President Nguyen Phu Trong, Trump said he marveled at the construction projects his motorcade passed by during his drive into Hanoi after landing at the airport late Tuesday.Vietnam is thriving like few places on earth. North Korea would be the same, and very quickly, if it would denuclearize. The potential is AWESOME, a great opportunity, like almost none other in history, for my friend Kim Jong Un. We will know fairly soon – Very Interesting!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) February 27, 2019“Vietnam is thriving,” said Trump, who signed a bilateral trade deal with Vietnam to purchase U.S.-made plane engines and other equipment and services. “And very importantly we have a very big dinner tonight and meetings with Chairman Kim. We both felt very good about having this very important summit in Vietnam because you really are an example of what can happen with good thinking.”Yet if Trump aimed to show he was focused on his high-stakes summit with Kim, he appeared to undermine that shortly after wrapping up the meetings with the Vietnamese. Retiring to his hotel for several hours of downtime before his dinner with Kim, Trump unleashed a Twitter broadside on Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., mocking him as he has before over questionable statements he has made about his military service.“I have now spent more time in Vietnam than Da Nang Dick Blumenthal, the third rate Senate from Connecticut (how is Connecticut doing?),” Trump wrote. “His war stories of his heroism in Vietnam were a total fraud – he was never even there. We talked about it today with Vietnamese leaders!”A readout from White House press secretary Sarah Sanders of Trump’s meetings with the Vietnamese made no mention of them discussing Blumenthal. And Trump’s former personal attorney, Michael Cohen, is scheduled to tell Congress on Wednesday that Trump told him he claimed to have a bone spur that won him a deferment from the Vietnam War but that Trump provided no evidence of having had a medical problem and privately told him he never had surgery. Trump used another tweet Wednesday afternoon to charge that Cohen is lying.Trump’s Twitter attacks on Blumenthal and Cohen raised a question over how rigorously he was preparing for the meetings with Kim.Trump made his economic pitch to Kim during their first summit in Singapore last summer, showing him a four-minute video produced by the White House that interspersed images with war and destruction with gleaming hyper-modern cityscapes. Kim, in his mid-30s, has said in public addresses that he is focused on improving the North Korean economy, which has suffered under decades of international economic sanctions for the country’s nuclear and ballistic missile programs – and the regime’s corrupt governance.
Trump’s overture to Kim came hours before they were scheduled to meet for the first of two days of meetings, including a social dinner Wednesday evening at the luxurious, five-star Metropole hotel in Vietnam’s capital city
Saul loeb /
Analysts have said Trump’s strategy is risky given that U.S. intelligence officials have said Kim is unlikely to surrender an arsenal that is thought to include an estimated 65 nuclear warheads. Although Trump has pointed to a moratorium on testing that has been in place since November 2017, U.S. intelligence has discovered evidence that the North has sought to conceal its weapons programs despite publicly engaging with the United States and South Korea in denuclearization talks.In another tweet Wednesday afternoon, Trump appeared to take aim at critics who have warned that he could wind up giving unwise concessions to Kim by easing economic sanctions too quickly.“All false reporting (guessing) on my intentions with respect to North Korea,” the president wrote. “Kim Jong Un and I will try very hard to work something out on Denuclearization & then making North Korea an Economic Powerhouse. I believe that China, Russia, Japan & South Korea will be very helpful!”Trump administration officials, led by the State Department, have worked over the past two weeks to try to nail down specific commitments from Pyongyang to advance the process, but progress has been slow, according to U.S. and South Korean officials familiar with the talks.Sen. Chris Murphy, D-Conn., in a statement called last year’s Trump-Kim summit a “complete disaster” and discounted the North’s testing moratorium as a meaningful step forward.The Democrats should stop talking about what I should do with North Korea and ask themselves instead why they didn’t do ‘it’ during eight years of the Obama Administration?
“A temporary pause of nuclear and missile tests is not the metric for whether North Korea is changing its behavior,” Murphy said. “Nor is an agreement to dismantle facilities they no longer need. North Korea has a long history of pretending to comply in order to get what it wants – giving just enough to get something important in return, but never actually walking back its nuclear program.”Murphy also criticized Trump for lavishing “syrupy praise” on Kim, whose regime, like those of his father and grandfather, has imposed a brutal rule on the public, with more than 100,000 citizens held in hard labor camps. In 2017, as he sought to rally international pressure on the North, Trump had denounced the North as a “hell no person deserves,” but he has touted a personal rapport with Kim since their first summit.In another tweet Wednesday morning, Trump responded to the criticism of his strategy.“The Democrats should stop talking about what I should do with North Korea and ask themselves instead why they didn’t do ‘it’ during eight years of the Obama Administration?” Trump wrote.For his part, Kim visited the embassy of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in Hanoi on Tuesday, where the North Korean state news agency reported that he told staff to consolidate the deep-rooted friendly relations between Hanoi and Pyongyang.Kim also met with his advisers to discuss working-level negotiations ahead of his summit with Trump. The state news agency published a photograph of Kim sitting at a hotel room table with four officials: Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho and Vice Foreign Minister Choe Son Hui, as well as Kim Song Hye, who is head of strategy at the United Front Department of the Workers’ Party of Korea, and Kim Hyok Chol, who has been leading the pre-summit negotiations with his U.S. counterpart, Stephen Biegun. Kim was smoking and had a clipboard on the table in front of him, while the two men and two women were shown listening intently and taking notes.Experts said the report on the meeting was significant in that it implicitly acknowledged this to be a normal negotiating process and showed Kim invested in making the summit a success.Vietnam’s deputy foreign minister, Le Hoai Trung, dropped a strong hint that Kim would visit the industrial port of Haiphong and the famous tourist site of Ha Long Bay after his summit with Trump, saying that a “very senior delegation” from North Korea had visited both places.He said there were many private enterprises in Haiphong, including a factory run by the Vingroup conglomerate making Vietnam’s first domestically produced car, as well as “agricultural projects using hi-tech.”Vietnamese media showed a photograph of the delegation “enjoying a light meal” as they traveled in a “five-star cruise” around the bay. The delegation also visited the car factory.Kim Jong Un’s grandfather, Kim Il Sung, also visited Ha Long Bay in 1964. The younger Kim is keen to develop tourism in North Korea, and has been promoting the construction of a beach resort area at Wonsan on his country’s east coast.